Before beginning, let’s understand that these learning tools (academic guide) can be used for different kids at different ages as every child is different and hits their milestones at their own developmental pace. we should always remember every age is the right age for learning!
Educational Milestones for a 3-Year-Old Child
Getting in pre-schools means having good fine and gross motor skills and cognitive skills. These skills lay a strong foundation during younger years. Many parents are often confused about the academic milestones of a 3 year old. So, today let’s help address the question ” What academic concepts should a 3 years old know?
So, Let’s begin from the basics and look at the generic (academic guide) curriculum/activities which can be easily done by a child in Nursery/LKG.
1. Pre-Writing Skills
What are Pre-Writing skills?
Pre-writing skills are the basic skills a child needs to develop before he/she is able to write. These skills play an important role in kid’s ability to hold a pencil, draw, write and color.
A major part of pre-writing skills are the pre-writing lines and shapes. The pre-writing strokes are the most common lines which are used to firm letters and numbers. These are namingly Standing lines, sleeping lines, slanting lined and curved lines.
Why are Pre-writing skills important?
Pre-writing skills are vital for the kid to be able to grasp a pencil and move it fluently to write. If these skills are underdeveloped it can result in frustration and resistance for writing which may ultimately lead to low self esteem and academic performance.
Below are the resources which can help develop good fine motor skills in kids:
2. Basic Letter Recognition
Basic letters or alphabets recognition begins from a very early age through medium of videos, rhymes and books.As the kid learns to speak he automatically develops an understanding of letter sounds. Hence at the age of 3 a kid should be familiar with 26 alphabets along with their sounds. These sounds are called phonemic awareness and is a must to be able to begin to read through phonics.
Below are the resources listed to help your kid understand the letters of English language by the way of worksheets and fun activities:
- Alphabet Worksheets
- I SPY “Letters” Fun activity
- DIY Alphabet Puzzles
- Writing by Turns Fun “Alphabet Activity”
3. Basic Maths/Number Counting
By the age of 3 years a kid is able to say his numbers (1-10) . Many of them also are able to count objects which is a great maths skill. Teaching numbers and counting can be great fun if done through simple activities.
Let’s have a look at various ways to introduce numbers and counting to kids.
- Basic Maths Worksheets
- I Spy counting Worksheets
- Fun Counting Activities with Toys
- DIY Number Board Game
- Simple Counting Activities with objects
- Cut, Paste and Match Activity
4. Basic Shapes Recognition
A kid learns to recognize basic shapes by the age of 3 years. When we say basic shapes it means circle,square,rectangle and triangle. As they progress they can identify more complex ones too like oval, pentagon,hexagon etc.
Below are the activities and worksheets which can be done with your toddlers to help them identify the basic shapes:
- Shapes Worksheets
- Imitating Shapes” Fun activity
- Fun DIY Puzzles
- Writing by Turns Fun “Alphabet Activity”
- Cut and Paste Activity
5. Basic Colors Recognition
Colors are one of the very first things a child learns to say. As colors are seen everywhere it’s real easy to teach them the color around them.
Below are the activities which can be really helpful in teaching colors to your little ones:
- Basic Colors Worksheets
- Color and Pattern Fun activities
- Brain Boosting Colored Balls activity
- Fun Rainbow science experiment
6. General Awareness
Apart from Alphabets, numbers, shapes and colors, a toddler can be taught a lot more things which are important to know by the age of 3-3.5 years.
First one is Basic body parts. A child can tell basic body parts like eyes, ears, nose, ears, head, at very early age like 18 months. Rhymes like head,shoulders,knees and toes is very popular way to teach them body parts.
Second concept which a kid of 3 years should be aware of is Weathers. The basic ones he/she should learn are Sunny, Rainy, Cloudy, Stormy.
Third, is the Action words(verbs) like eat, sleep, play, jump, read etc. These are the words which are used in day to day life so they automatically form a part of his/her vocabulary.
Fourth concept which a child should know at 3 is about feelings and emotions. Happy, sad, angry, crying etc. They come naturally to them as they begin to develop socially and emotionally by the age of 3 years.
Fifth, they should also be aware of some of the basic opposites like short and tall, big and small etc.
All the below resources will help your little ones not only to develop academically but also socially and cognitively.
- Basic Body Parts Worksheets
- Weather worksheets
- Action Words Worksheets
- Emotions and Feelings worksheets
- Opposite Words
- Daily Activities Board Game
Before introduction of all these concepts, the first and foremost important skill to develop is fine and gross motor skills, which enables the toddler inculcate life-skills to lead a normal adult life. Fine motor skills helps the kids to develop a Correct Pencil Grasp which motivates a kid to write and be prepared for higher academic skills.