Early Readers /Emergent readers. Early readers are stepping stones from picture books and reading scheme books to longer chapter books. They’re carefully developed to tell a great story, but in a format that children are able to read and enjoy by themselves, using familiar vocabulary and appealing illustrations. Reading is one of the most important milestones in a life of a preschooler and kindergartner. This sets the foundation for higher level complicated reading.
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Comprehension: The Goal of Reading
What’s so special about reading comprehensions???
Reading Comprehension and extracting meaning from what a kid reads is the main goal of comprehension reading. Many a times as grown ups we may not realize the importance of comprehension reading for young kids. But this is a must have skill in kids.
The purpose of reading a comprehension is not to just read but to understand and analyse the entire meaning of the text they read. The process of uunderstanding comprehensions or text begins much before a child begins to read.
When they listen to a picture book someone reads to them, they start to associate words with the pictures and text in the book. Simultaneously, they start to form ideas associated to the stories they listen to. In order to learn comprehension strategies a kid needs modeling and practice over the years.
In order to make comprehension reading more resourceful and efficient there are explicit strategies which we need to adapt. Let’s have a look at some of them.
Strategies for reading Comprehensions effectively
Using existing Knowledge
When students glances through the book ,they start to form ideas in their heads based on what they already know. This existing knowledge helps to provide a framework to adapt the new things they are going to read.
This is a very important part of reading. When a kid makes predictions about the story, it creates excitement and also sets up plot based on their existing knowledge. And when they read, they mentally revise their prediction as they gain more information while reading further.
Putting down the summary of the comprehension is a great way to understand that how much the kid has actually understood in terms of the main idea of the passage. Identifying the main summary or ideas helps the students to get the correct purpose of the text written by the author.
Question and Answers
Questioning and answering is another great strategy that helps students focus on the actual meaning of passage or comprehension . Parents/Teachers can help by asking meaningful questions to bring out the meaning of the passage in form of the kid’s answers.
this is a tricky part wherein the kid needs to make inferences which may not be explicitly mentioned in the text. This can be done by the means of existing knowledge and drawing clues from the text itself.
Visualization helps kids recall the comprehension better than the kids who are not able to visualize the comprehension. Our memory recalls visualized text better then just simple text.
These simple passages/comprehensions for preschoolers and kindergartners are made of of sight words and CVCs. Hence, they are very easy to read and comprehend. These passages lay a strong reading foundation in a kid’s life as these are stepping stones to bigger and complicated reading lessons.
Reading Through Sight-Words and CVC words
Sight-Word recognition and CVC words plays an important role in learning to read in early years. Before getting into their importance in reading let’s understand what are sight-words and CVC words…
What Are Sight Words?
Sight words are the words that appear most frequently in reading and writing.These words cannot be decoded by their letter sounds and hence needs to be identifies just by sight. They are high-frequency words that cannot be pictured and just have to be memorized and understood. Since they occur very frequently in english language, the young readers must be able to recognize, read, and understand them by sight. It means as they see the word they know what that sounds like and means.
Knowing sight words helps the young readers to read fluently and understand the comprehensions better. Hence, sight-words go long way in boosting the confidence of early readers as they are able to read with more fluency and better comprehension of the text, and are less likely to get stuck up while reading.
What are CVC words ?
CVC words are three lettered word which are up made of a consonant, vowel, and consonant sound. When a vowel is followed by a consonant, it is a closed syllable and makes the vowel say its sound. Let’s take an example Cat is an example of a CVC word. Each letter makes its sound clearly and hence it is easily decodable. It is quite easy for a early readers to blend the letter sounds to make the word . Dog, dip, hot, sun, and rag are also examples of CVC words.
WHY BEGIN WITH Sight words and CVC WORDS?
Since sight words are high frequency and literally make up 60% of early reading passages, it is very safe to begin the reading journey by the way of teaching sight words. Let’s look at the first 100 sight words
Since CVC words are easily decodable, they help our beginning readers feel confident when learning how to read. Once the child learns reading CVC words by blending sounds he/she can start learning to read shhort comprehensions.
The CVC words are mentioned by word families, hence sorting them by vowels ( a, e, i, o, u) makes it more systematic and easier to teach young minds.
CVC Words (Short vowel “a”)
at: bat, cat, fat, hat, mat, pat, rat, sat
ad: bad, dad, had, lad, mad, pad, sad
an: ban, can, fan, man, pan, ran, tan, van
ag: bag, gag, hag, lag, nag, rag, sag, tag, wag
ap: cap, gap, lap, map, nap, rap, sap, tap
CVC Words (Short vowel “e”)
ed: bed, fed, led, red, wed
eg: beg, keg, leg, peg
et: bet, get, jet, let, met, net, pet, set, vet, wet, yet
en: den, hen, men, pen, ten, then, when
CVC Words (Short vowel “i”)
it: bit, fit, hit, kit, lit, pit, sit, wit
id: bid, did, hid, kid, lid, rid
ig: big, dig, fig, gig, jig, pig, rig, wig, zig
ip: dip, hip, lip, nip, rip, sip, tip, zip
in: bin, din, fin, pin, sin, tin, win
CVC Words (Short vowel “o”)
ot: cot, dot, got, hot, jot, lot, not, pot, rot, tot
ob: cob, gob, job, lob, mob, rob, sob
og: bog, cog, dog, fog, hog, jog, log
op: cop, hop, mop, pop, top
CVC Words (Short vowel “u”)
ut: but, cut, gut, hut, jut, nut,
ub: cub, hub, nub, rub, sub, tub
ug: bug, dug, hug, jug, mug, pug, rug, tug
un: bun, fun, gun, nun, pun, run, sun